Guest Post: What Happens When Hell is Not Preached? by Daniel Wakefield

Daniel Wakefield currently serves as a pastoral intern at Emmanuel Baptist Church, Coconut Creek Florida. 

When you think about Biblical teachings that are most important, which ones come to mind?  My guess is that you immediately think of doctrines such as the substitutionary atonement of Christ, the resurrection, the inerrancy of the Scriptures, and the triune nature of God.  All of these are critically important.  But what about the doctrine of hell?   Did it come to mind?

There is perhaps no doctrine of Scripture more offensive to modern man than the doctrine of hell.  The belief that a person could be tormented eternally because of their position and actions is looked down upon in society as the product of an unenlightened religious past.  People who espouse such things must be on the wrong side of history.  Postmodern thinking, on the other hand, has given rise to the notion that what is true for one person is not necessarily true for another.  So while the Bible claims that the doctrine of hell is true, the world (like Pilate) raises its voice to cry, “What is truth?” Postmodern man has relegated hell to a cold future in the collective thought of the world.

What is far more alarming, however, is the place hell is being given in many confessing evangelical churches today.  Although the doctrine of hell may not be directly denied, it often seems to be pushed to the side, softened, or completely ignored in favor of more appealing doctrines.  After all, who wants to hear about eternal torment when we could be hearing about the love of God?  Preaching about hell is not exactly at the top of the list for how to grow a big church.  It’s not something that tends to draw a large crowd these days.  We know it’s in the Bible, but do we really need to preach about it?  How important could it really be?

The answer to that last question is one word: very.  Think for a minute about four things that happen when hell is ignored from the pulpit.

  1. The Bible will not be fully taught

When Paul stood before the elders of the Ephesian church, he said that he had taught them “the whole counsel of God” (Ephesians 20:27).  He wrote to Timothy that “all Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness” (2 Timothy 3:16).  Do we believe this?  Are we practicing it?  It is significant to note that hell and the judgment of God are referred to over 180 times in the New Testament alone (hell, judgment, torment, fire, destruction, wrath, punishment, etc.).  If we leave out the doctrine of hell from our preaching, we are ignoring a large portion of Scripture that the Holy Spirit intended for our benefit.  That can’t be good for our health.  If we say we are committed to the Scriptures, we need to preach all of it.

  1. The holiness and justice of God will be minimized

The Bible has a whole lot to say about sin.  Probably because we humans are rebels by nature.  But God is not like us.  He is wonderfully and completely separate from sin.  In a word, He is holy.  “Who will not fear, O Lord, and glorify your name?  For you alone are holy.” (Revelation 15:4)  The word “holy” is used over 600 times in the Bible.  Clearly, God is concerned with holiness.  His holiness also means that He cannot abide sin.  “You who are of purer eyes than to see evil and cannot look at wrong” (Habakkuk 1:13).  God cannot turn a blind eye to sin because of His holiness.  And so, because He is holy (and just), He must punish sin.  He must bring justice upon every person who has rebelled against Him.  “The LORD takes vengeance on his adversaries and keeps wrath for his enemies.” (Nahum 1:2)  This justice is finally realized in a place of eternal, conscious torment that the Bible calls hell.  “You serpents, you brood of vipers, how are you to escape being sentenced to hell?” (Matthew 23:33)  To ignore this doctrine of hell is to say that God winks at sin.  It is to say that it doesn’t really matter how we live because God will accept us all in the end anyways.  It is to say that the Hitlers and serial killers and child molesters and persecutors of God’s people won’t really receive the justice they deserve.  It is to say that God is not holy and God is not just.  In short, it is to say that most of what the Bible says about God isn’t really true after all.  And without this vital element, the love of God is also greatly diminished.  Apart from the holiness and justice of God, the love of God is reduced to a mushy, sentimental love, rather than the holy, breathtaking, people-redeeming, God-glorifying love that it truly is.

  1. Christians will not be fully motivated to persevere

We live in an age when people in the pew generally want to hear nice things.  Hearing about scary doctrines like hell and judgment just aren’t fashionable, especially not as a motivation for living the Christian life.  After all, we Christians have fire insurance, right?  Many church-goers may be surprised to find out that hell is actually used as a motivation for Christians to live as they ought to live.  Though the Bible presents believers with a multitude of motivations to follow Christ faithfully (gratitude, joy, blessing, future rest, etc.), the reality of hell is certainly among them.  Jesus Himself taught this when He said to His disciples, “If your right eye causes you to sin, tear it out and throw it away. For it is better that you lose one of your members than that your whole body be thrown into hell.” (Matthew 5:29)  He also said to His followers, “And do not fear those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul. Rather fear him who can destroy both soul and body in hell.” (Matthew 10:28)  The author of Hebrews, writing to a group of Christians, says, “For if we go on sinning deliberately after receiving the knowledge of the truth, there no longer remains a sacrifice for sins, but a fearful expectation of judgment, and a fury of fire that will consume the adversaries.” (Hebrews 10:26-27)  Does this mean that a true Christian needs to be afraid that they might go to hell?  In the words of the apostle Paul, certainly not!  A true believer has no reason to think that they could ever be thrown into hell when Christ has already suffered in their place.  However, a professing Christian who lives like the world or is turning His back on Christ has every reason to think that they may have a one-way ticket to hell. (Matthew 7:19, 21; Hebrews 10:38)  That realization is one of the motivations God uses to keep true believers persevering to the end.  To disregard that in the regular preaching ministry is to deprive God’s people of what is good and necessary for their souls.

  1. The Gospel will not be preached

Surely if we can agree on anything as evangelicals, it is the Gospel.  We recognize and affirm that it is the preaching of the Gospel that God uses to bring salvation to needy sinners.  But if we do not include God’s judgment as a part of our presentation of the gospel, something is terribly missing.  Consider these three things.  Firstly, we need to preach about hell so people will know why the Gospel is necessary.  We have all sinned and fallen short of the glory of God (Romans 3:23) and have turned aside and gone our own way (Isaiah 53:6).  And as a result, God stands ready to bring judgment upon all such people who scorn Him (2 Thessalonians 1:8).  His holiness and justice demand it.  He will by no means clear the guilty (Exodus 34:7).  This is indeed bad news.  But it is bad news that leads somewhere.  Only against this dark backdrop will the Gospel truly be understood as the good news it really is.

Secondly, what Jesus was doing on the cross will not be understood apart from the judgment of God.  What was going on as Jesus hung on a Roman cross between heaven and earth?  The Bible uses a powerful and important word to describe it: propitiation.  “In this is love, not that we have loved God but that He loved us and sent His Son to be the propitiation for our sins.” (1 John 4:10)  Good Bible translations don’t replace that word with an easier one because it is so important.  Propitiation is a sacrifice that turns away God’s wrath from us to itself.  In other words, although we justly deserve God’s wrath because of our sin, something takes our place and suffers our punishment for us so that we can be forgiven and made right with God.  You can surely see where I’m going with this.  Jesus is the sacrifice.  He is the one who took our place and suffered the wrath of God on our behalf. (Galatians 3:13)  He wasn’t just setting us an example of sacrificial love on the cross.  He was offering Himself as a divinely appointed substitute for our salvation. (1 Peter 3:18)  In short, He suffered the full weight of hell for His people.  To never mention hell or the wrath of God is to never mention the very heart of what Jesus was accomplishing for our salvation.

Thirdly, the lost will not be warned about the danger they face if hell is not preached.  Surely part of the Gospel message is warning people about what will happen if they do not come to Christ.  God uses means to bring people to Christ, and one of the means He uses is to warn lost people of the danger they are in.  God himself says in Ezekiel 33:11, “As I live, declares the Lord GOD, I have no pleasure in the death of the wicked, but that the wicked turn from his way and live; turn back, turn back from your evil ways, for why will you die, O house of Israel?”  Jesus calls men to “Remember Lot’s wife” and the judgment that God poured out upon her (Luke 17:32).  It’s only when people see their great need to be saved from such punishment that they run to Christ for salvation.  As Iain Murray says, “No one was converted without knowing that he needed to be.”  Are there unconverted visitors coming to your church?  Are there children growing up in the church who are still not saved?  They need to hear about hell because they need to see how much they need Christ.

If you are reading this article and you are a pastor, let me encourage you to give attention to this vital subject in your preaching ministry.  Maybe you haven’t denied the doctrine like Rob Bell has.  But perhaps you are pushing it to the side because you want to see lots of people come to your church.  Maybe you are tempted to tone it down because you don’t want people to leave.  But you ignore it to your own peril and the peril of the people under your ministry.  J.C. Ryle wrote, in his classic work, Holiness:

“I believe the time is come when it is a positive duty to speak plainly about the reality and eternity of hell…The watchman who keeps silence, when he sees a fire, is guilty of gross neglect…and the minister who keeps back hell from his people in his sermons is neither a faithful nor a charitable man…He is the kindest friend who tells me the whole extent of my danger.”

Listen also to A.W. Pink:

“Brethren, do we in our oral ministry preach on this solemn subject as much as we ought?  The Old Testament prophets frequently told their hearers that their wicked lives…were treasuring up to themselves wrath…And conditions in the world are no better now than they were then!…Faithfulness demands that we speak as plainly about hell as about heaven.”

Do we preach hell because it is pleasant or because we like threatening people?  No.  We preach about hell because we must.  We preach it because the Bible is true, because God is holy, because the Gospel is good news, and because we love sinners.  Hell is real and to ignore it would be the most unloving thing we could do.

Am I saying that every sermon needs to be about hell?  Absolutely not.  Not every chapter or verse in the Bible is about hell.  There are many other aspects of God’s revelation that need to be considered.  What I am saying is that if this doctrine is not coming up in the preaching on a regular basis, people will be deprived of teaching that can lead them to Christ, prepare them for the last day, and bring glory to God.  That sounds to me like something to be concerned

Prayer Meetings and Bold Preaching by Jeff Smith

Acts 4:31: And when they had prayed, the place where they were assembled together was shaken; and they were all filled with the Holy Spirit, and they spoke the word of God with boldness.

Here in this text we have an example of one of the great needs of the preaching in our day, its source and how to obtain it. What do preachers need to carry on the work that God has given them to do? They need boldness to speak the word of God. What is the source of this boldness? It is the filling of the Holy Spirit. How do we obtain this unction of the Holy Spirit in our hearts and in our preaching? This is obtained through prayer. We are told that they prayed that God would grant to his servants boldness to speak his word. And then we read in v.31 that the place was shaken and they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and they spoke the word of God with boldness. This word “boldness” is the core biblical description of Spirit-filled effective preaching. Boldness is a plain, open, honest, forthright manner of speaking and applying the truth to men that arises from a Spirit given certainty and confidence in the truth felt in the heart of the preacher. There are at least seventeen references in the N.T. to this one quality as a mark of effective preaching.

Furthermore, the N.T. makes this direct connection between effective bold preaching and being filled with the Holy Spirit. We see it here in this text. We see it in Acts 1:8 where Jesus said, “But you shall receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you; and you shall be witnesses to me.” We see it in Acts 4:8, “Then Peter, filled with Holy Spirit, said to them”…and he began to preach with boldness. Paul could say in I Cor. 2:4, “And my speech and my preaching were not with persuasive words of human wisdom, but in demonstration of the Spirit and of power.” This is what is greatly needed if our preaching and the ministry of the word in and through the church is going to be effective. Preachers need this boldness and freedom of speech and in order to have this boldness and assurance and confidence they need to be filled with the Holy Spirit. And how is this unction of the Spirit that gives liberty and power in preaching obtained? Well here in Acts 4 we see that it is obtained by prayer.

But here is the important point I wish to make. This is obtained not merely by the prayers of the preacher for himself. The N.T. indicates that the people of God have a vital part in this. The Spirit coming down upon the preached word and giving boldness and unction to the preacher is connected to the prayers of God’s people. I know it may be debated as to whether what we have here at the end of Acts 4 is the whole church praying, or part of the church, or just all of the apostles praying together. But whichever it is, this is a corporate prayer meeting. This is not private individual prayer. This is united corporate prayer and the power of the apostles’ preaching is connected to the prayer meeting. No wonder we see the Apostle Paul begging the people of God to pray for him and for this very thing. In Eph. 6:19 he says, “and (pray) for me that utterance may be given to me, that I may open my mouth boldly to make known the mystery of the gospel….that I may speak boldly as I ought to speak.” The Apostle Paul is asking the people of God to pray for him and for this very gift of utterance in the act of preaching that he might open his mouth boldly to make known the mystery of the gospel.

This is not the only place he does this. In Col. 4:3ff he writes, “Meanwhile praying also for us, that God would open the door for the word, to speak the mystery of Christ…that I may make it manifest, as I ought to speak”. Again in 2 Thess. 3:1 “Brethren, pray for us, that the word of the Lord may run swiftly and be glorified”. What we need to see in these passages is that the effectiveness of the preacher is intimately connected to the prayers of God’s people. Paul realized how dependent he was upon their prayers. This spiritual unction was to be obtained for him by the prayers of God’s people earnestly and perseveringly asking for this very thing.

So we can summarize the implication of these passages for every Christian in this way: Each Christian must recognize that it is his or her appointed duty to make consistent supplication for the Spirit’s blessing upon the preaching of God’s word. The prosperity of the church depends upon it. The souls of our children depend upon it. The souls of the lost who attend our services depend upon it. Your own soul, the life and health of your own soul, depends upon it. William Williams, the great Welsh hymn writer and one of the great preachers and leaders of the 18th century revivals in Wales, made it his practice to teach new converts this simple prayer, “Unless I have the power of heaven in the Word of Life I shall die.” That’s how important it is!

Ian Murray in his book The Forgotten Spurgeon says that “some of the most solemn warnings Spurgeon ever gave his congregation were of the danger of their ceasing to be dependent upon God in prayer.” He said, “May God help me, if you cease to pray for me! Let me know the day and I must cease to preach. Let me know when you intend to cease your prayers and I will cry ‘O my God, give me this day my tomb, and let me slumber in the dust.’” Murray comments, “These words were not the eloquence of a preacher; rather they expressed the deepest feelings of his heart. Spurgeon was sure when his congregation should cease to feel their ‘utter, entire, absolute dependence upon the presence of God’, then they, ‘would ere long become a scorn and a hissing, or else a mere log upon the water.’ ”

So let us follow the example of the early church. Let us not cease to pray. Let us not grow weary of prayer meetings. Let us not grow slack in our attendance at prayer meeting. Let us not cut back on prayer meetings; much better instead to add more prayer meetings! If in some church circumstances there is a need to change the times or the days when the church meets to pray, okay, but let us not stop praying. And especially let us constantly pray that God would fill all true ministers of the gospel with the Holy Spirit and with boldness to preach his word with great power and effectiveness.